Archery Game is a precision sport where the competitors aim and shoot at a target using a bow and arrow. Archery competitions can be divided into the following disciplines:
There are three types of bows used in archery competitions:
- Outdoor Target Archery
- Indoor Target Archery
- Field Archery
- Clout Archery
- Flight Archery
- Archery Biathlon is practiced under IBU now
- Recurve bow
The recurve bow’s ends curve away from the archer when the bow is held in the shooting position. The recurve shape can reduce the loading when fully drawn and imparts more energy to the arrow than a longbow of similar top draw weight.
The longbow is the most basic of bows. It is usually shaped from a single piece of timber and the grip is typically made from a strip of leather bound around the bow. A small shelf is cut into the side of the bow for the arrow to rest on. The tip of the arrow is kept at full draw to shoot.
- Compound bow
A compound bow has pulleys set at the end of its limbs. The purpose of these pulleys is to make the cocked, ready to fire position of the bow easier to hold.
The middle part of the bow, that is, the part that does not bend is called the riser.
Every arrow is made of four parts:
There are three types of tips: field, hooked and silver. Arrow tips also have different designs. The point tipped arrow is most common. The small blades of the hooked tip may cause tearing and bleeding. Bladed arrows are more damaging than hooked tip ones, but they are easier to remove.
Four types of materials are used to make shafts: wood, bone, ceramic and steel. The most common material used is wood. Steel is the strongest material, followed by porcelain and bone. Before making arrows, wooden shafts should be sorted by spine and weight. Aluminum and carbon composite shafts are light, durable and uniform, but are quite expensive.
The fletch or the feathering of the arrow affects the distance it travels and its impact. Fletches could be feathers or plastic vanes. There are six types of fletch patterns: round, parabolic, shield, wood vane,bone vane, and ceramic vane. The round cut is the easiest pattern to fletch. The parabolic cut’s spin gives the arrow additional flight range. The shield cut has a shorter range than the round or parabolic cut, but its spin provides superior armor penetration.
There three types of nocks: large, medium and small. These are differentiated on the basis of the size of their groves. When the groove is large,the arrow is easier to make. When the groove is small, the arrow travels farther.
Fletching is the art of making arrows from component pieces.
Archery appeared for the first time in the Olympics in 1900, and was held in the Games of 1904,1908 and 1920. In these early games, the events varied widely, and the sport was dropped because of the lack of international rules. The Fédération Internationale de Tir à l'Arc (FITA) is the international governing body of the sport. The FITA was established in the year 1930. The FITA implemented standardized rules for competition and archery returned to the Olympics in 1972. Team competition was introduced in Olympic archery in 1988.
Olympic archery consists of four events:
- Men’s Individual
- Women’s Individual
- Men’s Team
- Women’s Team
The scoring system is based on a ten-ring target. Each section of the target is worth from one to ten points. Arrows that bounce off the target or pass through are also counted. The target face is set at 70 meters (229 feet, 8 inches) from the shooting line and the center gold of the target is set 130 centimeters (4 feet, 3 inches) above the ground. The target is usually made of paper and has a diameter of 122 centimeters (4 feet). The target is divided into five colored rings and each ring is divided in half. The width of each color zone is 12.2 (4.8 inches) centimeters and the width of each scoring zone -- half of a color zone -- is 6.1 (2.4 inches) centimeters.
To be a good archer, you need a steady hand, a good eye and the ability to keep calm. Archery competitions usually test the contestant’s accuracy. Focus is the key archery tip and regular practice is important. Improve your accuracy gradually. Select a target and focus on it alone. Choose the right bow and arrows. Archery tip is , Tune your bow to achieve consistent shots and good arrow flight.
For the individual events in the Olympics, there is a ranking round followed by the FITA Olympics round. The ranking round states one archary rule that the archers shoot 72 arrows at a target 70 meters (229 feet, 8 inches) away in 12 ends of six arrows each. 720 is the perfect score.
The FITA Olympic round is divided into the elimination round and the finals round. The 64 competitors are seeded from the ranking round and advance to the elimination round. It is a single-elimination, head-to-head style of competition (seed No. 64 vs. seed No. 1, 63 vs. 2, and so on). Six ends of three arrows -- for a total of 18 -- are shot at a target 70 meters away with a 40-second time limit per arrow.Acording to this archery rule Winners of every match move on to the next round.
There are eight archers in the finals.The round begins with the quarterfinals and continues with the semifinals and final. In the semifinal and final rounds, archers shoot four ends of three arrows each -- for a total of 12 -- with a 40-second time limit per arrow.Acording to this archery rule The losers of the semifinals shoot in the bronze medal match and the two winners shoot in the gold medal final.
A tie is broken with ”sudden death" overtime. Each archer shoots one arrow and the highest score wins. If tied, a second arrow is shot for highest score. If still tied, a single closest-to-the-center arrow determines the winner. Archers have 50 seconds to shoot each tie-breaking arrow.
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